Construction Reserve Fund

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005

Administered by:

US Federal Government Agency (see all agencies)
Department of Transportation , Maritime Administration
CFDA #: 20.812

Purpose of this program:

To promote the construction, reconstruction, reconditioning, or acquisition of merchant vessels built and documented under the laws of the United States for purposes of national defense and the development of U.S. commerce.

Possible uses and use restrictions...

The Construction Reserve Fund (CRF), authorized under Section 511 of the Act, is a financial assistance program which provides tax deferral benefits to U.S. flag operators. The CRF permits the fundholder to deposit gains attributable to the sale of or indemnification for loss of vessels and to defer tax on such gains provided the gains are to be reinvested in vessels. Also the CRF allows the accumulation of earnings from operations of vessels documented in the U.S., or the earnings from the investment of the Fund. The ability to accumulate funds and the tax deferral provision have enabled fundholders to construct or reconstruct in the United States and documented under the laws of the United States larger, better-equipped vessels, reduce mortgage debt on the vessels and construct a greater number of vessels than would be possible without the program.

Who is eligible to apply...

A Construction Reserve Fund (CRF) may be established by any citizen of the United States who owns, in whole or in part, a vessel or vessels operating in the foreign or domestic commerce of the U.S., or in the fisheries. Additionally, any citizen who is operating such vessel or vessels owned by another individual may establish a CRF.

Eligible Applicant Categories:
Eligible Functional Categories:

Be able to provide proof of requirements called for in Applicant Eligibility section of this program. The program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A- 87.

Note:This is a brief description of the credentials or documentation required prior to, or along with, an application for assistance.

About this section:

This section indicates who can apply to the Federal government for assistance and the criteria the potential applicant must satisfy. For example, individuals may be eligible for research grants, and the criteria to be satisfied may be that they have a professional or scientific degree, 3 years of research experience, and be a citizen of the United States. Universities, medical schools, hospitals, or State and local governments may also be eligible. Where State governments are eligible, the type of State agency will be indicated (State welfare agency or State agency on aging) and the criteria that they must satisfy.

Certain federal programs (e.g., the Pell Grant program which provides grants to students) involve intermediate levels of application processing, i.e., applications are transmitted through colleges or universities that are neither the direct applicant nor the ultimate beneficiary. For these programs, the criteria that the intermediaries must satisfy are also indicated, along with intermediaries who are not eligible.

How to apply...

Application Procedure:

See Federal Register Notice (46 CFR 287.4). Persons seeking to establish a Construction Reserve Fund may make application by letter to the headquarters office shown below. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-102 and A- 110.

Note: Each program will indicate whether applications are to be submitted to the Federal headquarters, regional or local office, or to a State or local government office.

Award Procedure:

Review of the application by the Office of Ship Financing to determine citizenship of the applicant, if applicant is owner or operator of the vessel and if the proposed objective of construction, reconstruction or acquisition is acceptable.

Note: Grant payments may be made by a letter of credit, advance by Treasury check, or reimbursement by Treasury check. Awards may be made by the headquarters office directly to the applicant, an agency field office, a regional office, or by an authorized county office. The assistance may pass through the initial applicant for further distribution by intermediate level applicants to groups or individuals in the private sector.

Deadlines and process...


Applicant must execute a Construction Reserve Fund within 60 days after the receipt of the proceeds of the sale or indemnification for loss of a vessel. Tentative authorization to establish the CRF and deposit the proceeds may be granted by the Maritime Administration.

Note: When available, this section indicates the deadlines for applications to the funding agency which will be stated in terms of the date(s) or between what dates the application should be received. When not available, applicants should contact the funding agency for deadline information.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

From 60 to 90 days.

Preapplication Coordination

Contact the Maritime Administration, Office of Ship Financing. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-102. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.

Note: This section indicates whether any prior coordination or approval is required with governmental or nongovernmental units prior to the submission of a formal application to the federal funding agency.



Note: In some cases, there are no provisions for appeal. Where applicable, this section discusses appeal procedures or allowable rework time for resubmission of applications to be processed by the funding agency. Appeal procedures vary with individual programs and are either listed in this section or applicants are referred to appeal procedures documented in the relevant Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).


Not applicable.

Note: In some instances, renewal procedures may be the same as for the application procedure, e.g., for projects of a non-continuing nature renewals will be treated as new, competing applications; for projects of an ongoing nature, renewals may be given annually.

Who can benefit...

Any citizen of the United States who owns, in whole or in part, a vessel or vessels operating in the foreign or domestic commerce of the U.S. or in the fisheries. Additionally, any citizen who is operating such vessel or vessels owned by another individual.

About this section:

This section lists the ultimate beneficiaries of a program, the criteria they must satisfy and who specifically is not eligible. The applicant and beneficiary will generally be the same for programs that provide assistance directly from a Federal agency. However, financial assistance that passes through State or local governments will have different applicants and beneficiaries since the assistance is transmitted to private sector beneficiaries who are not obligated to request or apply for the assistance.

What types of assistance...

Direct Payments for Specified Use

Financial assistance from the Federal government provided directly to individuals, private firms, and other private institutions to encourage or subsidize a particular activity by conditioning the receipt of the assistance on a particular performance by the recipient. This does not include solicited contracts for the procurement of goods and services for the Federal government.

How much financial aid...

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Defer tax on gains by depositing the gains attributable to the sale of or indemnification for loss of vessels in accordance with the program.

Note: This section lists the representative range (smallest to largest) of the amount of financial assistance available. These figures are based upon funds awarded in the past fiscal year and the current fiscal year to date. Also indicated is an approximate average amount of awards which were made in the past and current fiscal years.


(Salaries and expenses) FY 03 $10,350; FY 04 $10,557; and FY 05 est $10,715.

Note: The dollar amounts listed in this section represent obligations for the past fiscal year (PY), estimates for the current fiscal year (CY), and estimates for the budget fiscal year (BY) as reported by the Federal agencies. Obligations for non-financial assistance programs indicate the administrative expenses involved in the operation of a program.

Account Identification


Note: Note: This 11-digit budget account identification code represents the account which funds a particular program. This code should be consistent with the code given for the program area as specified in Appendix III of the Budget of the United States Government.

Examples of funded projects...

Vessels such as coastwise tankers, ocean tugs, chemical barges, and crewboats are particular programs that have been or will be constructed, reconstructed or acquired through the Construction Reserve Fund. These vessels must be constructed in the United States and documented under the laws of the United States. If the vessel is less than 12 knots speed and 2,000 gross tons, it must be determined as useful to the United States in case of war or national emergency.

About this section

This section indicates the different types of projects which have been funded in the past. Only projects funded under Project Grants or Direct Payments for Specified Use should be listed here. The examples give potential applicants an idea of the types of projects that may be accepted for funding. The agency should list at least five examples of the most recently funded projects.

Program accomplishments...

As of March, 2003, there were 23 construction reserve fund contracts with deposits totaling approximately $21,300,000 for the construction, reconstruction and acquisition of the proposed programs.

Criteria for selecting proposals...

Review of the application by the Office of Ship Financing to determine citizenship of the applicant, if applicant is owner or operator of the vessel and if the proposed objective of construction, reconstruction or acquisition is acceptable.

Assistance considerations...

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Depends on each individual program agreed upon between the Maritime Administration and the applicant.

Formula and Matching Requirements

Within 3 years from the date of any deposit in the Construction Reserve Fund, such deposits must be obligated under a contract for the construction or acquisition of a new vessel or vessels. Also deposits into the CRF must be made within 60 days after receipt by the taxpayer of amounts representing proceeds of the sale or indemnification for loss of a vessel.

A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.

Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.

In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.

Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.

Post assistance requirements...


With each income tax return filed for a taxable year during any part of which a Construction Reserve Fund is in existence, the taxpayer shall submit a statement with a detailed analysis of the fund's transactions and balances.

Note: This section indicates whether program reports, expenditure reports, cash reports or performance monitoring are required by the Federal funding agency, and specifies at what time intervals (monthly, annually, etc.) this must be accomplished.



Note: This section discusses audits required by the Federal agency. The procedures and requirements for State and local governments and nonprofit entities are set forth in OMB Circular No. A-133. These requirements pertain to awards made within the respective State's fiscal year - not the Federal fiscal year, as some State and local governments may use the calendar year or other variation of time span designated as the fiscal year period, rather than that commonly known as the Federal fiscal year (from October 1st through September 30th).


See Reports section of this program.

Note: This section indicates the record retention requirements and the type of records the Federal agency may require. Not included are the normally imposed requirements of the General Accounting Office. For programs falling under the purview of OMB Circular No. A-102, record retention is set forth in Attachment C. For other programs, record retention is governed by the funding agency's requirements.



Merchant Marine Act of 1936, Section 511, as amended, Public Law 74-835, 46 U.S.C. 1161.

Note: This section lists the legal authority upon which a program is based (acts, amendments to acts, Public Law numbers, titles, sections, Statute Codes, citations to the U.S. Code, Executive Orders, Presidential Reorganization Plans, and Memoranda from an agency head).

Regulations, Guidelines, And Literature

Part 287, Title 46 CFR; Order and Form of Resolution which outlines details pertaining to the establishment and maintenance of the Construction Reserve Fund.

Contact information...

Web Sites
Regional Or Local Office

See Maritime Administration Regional Offices listed in Additional Contact Information - FMR Help.

Note: This section lists the agency contact person, address and telephone number of the Federal Regional or Local Office(s) to be contacted for detailed information regarding a program such as: (1) current availability of funds and the likelihood of receiving assistance within a given period; (2) pre-application and application forms required; (3) whether a pre-application conference is recommended; (4) assistance available in preparation of applications; (5) whether funding decisions are made at the headquarters, regional or local level; (6) application renewal procedures (including continuations and supplementals) or appeal procedures for rejected applications; and (7) recently published program guidelines and material. However, for most federal programs, this section will instruct the reader to consult the so-called Appendix IV of the Catalog due to the large volume of Regional and Local Office Contacts for most agencies. This information is provided in Additional Contact Information (see below).

Headquarters Office

Associate Administrator for Shipbuilding, Office of Ship Financing, Maritime Administration, Department of Transportation, Washington, DC 20590. Telephone: (202) 366-5744.

Note: This section lists names and addresses of the office at the headquarters level with direct operational responsibility for managing a program. A telephone number is provided in cases where a Regional or Local Office is not normally able to answer detailed inquiries concerning a program. Also listed are the name(s) and telephone number(s) of the information contact person(s) who can provide additional program information to applicants.

Additional Contact Information (Appendix IV)

Due to the large volume of regional and local office contacts for most agencies, full contact information is also provided separately here in a PDF format: